Afghanistan: Unity Government Formed, Challenges, Concerns Rampant

The outcome of the Afghan elections has finally been made clear. Officials in Kabul have announced that the next President of Afghanistan will be Ashraf Ghani, a former finance minister and World Bank official that was heralded as the front-runner during the election run-off held shortly after initial elections terminated inconclusively. The announcement of Ghani as president was coupled by a related announcement that chief rival Abdullah Abdullah will in short order be named the country’s chief executive, a role crafted in order to accommodate a power-sharing model of government.

The resolution to months of quarrels has been welcomed by governments around the globe with interest in the region, though met with skepticisms by many Afghans who became further disenchanted with the Afghan government after an extensive string of delays. As all regional government posts are elected by Kabul, the prospect of coming to numerous agreements over who ultimately ends up in power has rightfully worried a vast number of Afghans.

Ghani and Abdullah will also be faced with a number of security and economic challenges, as the Afghan economy teeters on the brink of collapse and the Taliban has recently enjoyed one of its most successful fighting seasons since the American invasion in 2001.  Unemployment, scarce faith in the government and overwhelming corruption are additional challenges that have steadily gotten worse as Hamid Karzai’s tenure has progressed and as American involvement has decreased.

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